How Trump’s proposed budget cuts could impact Iowa

In a proposal many say will never pass Congress as it stands, President Donald Trump outlined priorities Thursday for remaking the government: vastly increasing military spending and making a down payment on a border wall by diverting money from diplomacy, environmental protections and agricultural efforts. Though many aspects would affect Iowa if passed, here are examples:

AGRICULTURE

21 percent decrease

— Food stamps and crop subsidies exempted.

— Cuts $95 million from the Rural Business and Cooperative Service, which helps rural fire departments buy equipment and aids rural health care.

HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT

13 percent decrease

— Eliminates the $3 billion Community Development Block Grant program, which has sent millions to Cedar Rapids for flood protection and rebuilding, as well as helps fund a range of services from revitalizing downtowns to helping the homeless to providing Meals on Wheels.

— Eliminates the $35 million for Section 4 Community Development and Affordable Housing. Using that, Iowa’s Community Housing Initiatives has provided more than 1,600 units of affordable housing.

HEALTH

18 percent decrease; no plan yet for Medicare and Medicaid.

— Decreases funding for the National Institutes of Health, a major sponsor of research at the University of Iowa. The UI got $159.4 million from the NIH in 205-2016.

— Increases funding for efforts to prevent and treat opioid addictions. Iowa saw 1,555 emergency room visits in 2014 at least partially brought on by opioid use.

ARTS AND CULTURE

Eliminates four agencies.

— Eliminates all $148 million for the National Endowment for the Arts. The Iowa Arts Council got $626,500 in 2016 and helped fund more than 500 events that touched an estimated 1 million Iowans, the Des Moines Register reported.

— Eliminates all $148 million for the National Endowment for the Humanities. Among the millions Iowa has received, emergency grants after the 2008 floods helped preserve an 1876 Coralville schoolhouse and materials from the National Czech & Slovak Museum & Library.

OTHER

— Adds a 6 percent increase to Veterans Affairs. Most would go to improving access to doctors. More than 1,200 veterans at the Iowa City VA Hospital were assigned to “ghost panels” — primary care doctors who were not actively providing care — in early 2016, a VA watchdog report found.

— Eliminates 19 agencies, including the Corporation for National and Community Service that operates AmeriCorps. The Gazette reported Thursday that more than 1,500 AmeriCorps members are at work in Iowa.

Sources: Washington Post, government agencies, Gazette archives.